1. Nan-ying  five teams

   Tainan county was named Nan-ying in south-west area. Gua-xiang (share of incense) has been mainly performed in south Ba Zhang river and north Zseng Wen river. There are five teams in this area.

(1) Shih Gang Zi Xiang (Incense in Shih Gang): this is an activity of sharing incense held by Shih An temple in Tainan county. It is also the biggest event of the five. This ceremony is held in the year of Ox, Dragon, Goat and Dog.

(2) Xue Jia Xiang (Incense in Xue Jia): this one is held by Tzu Chi temple in Xue Jia township. It is an irregular activity. This ceremony can be held in the year of Ox, Dragon, Goat and Dog.

(3) Ma Dou Xiang (Incense in Ma Dou): held in Dai-tan temple in Ma Dou township. This ceremony is held in the year of Ox, Dragon, Goat and Dog.

(4) Xiao Xiang (Incense in Xiao Xiang): held by King Tong temple in Chia Li township. This ceremony is held in the year of Rat, Rabbit, Horse and Rooster.

(5) Tu Chen Zi Xiang (Incense in Tu Chen township): held by Mother Gold temple in Tu Chen township. This ceremony is held in the year of Ox, Dragon, Goat and Dog.

2. Gua-xiang and Jin-xiang (reunion of shared incenses)
   Jin-xiang is a reunion of previously shared incenses that are brought back to their sourced temple greeting to the Mother God. Gua-xiang is, on the other hand, an ritual of sharing incenses (symbolize protection from gods) and people take these incenses home to worship or to walk in the neighborhood area to share protection from gods. The difference lies with the fact that Jin-xiang is a reunion operation run by local, small temples and Gua-xiang is an operation run by the major, greater (spiritual level) temples.  Back to Top

3. The twelve diseases gods
   At the beginning of building Sing An temple, there was a serious plague spreading in different areas. Gods were the only hope for the sick. Thus, people believed that the Jade Emperor (the supreme deity of Taoism) sent twelve gods who controls diseases to patrol on earth. As the twelve gods carried their duties, plague disappeared in communities. Civilians were grateful to the twelve gods and have been worshiped these gods ever since.

4. The flag officer
   The flag officer was a leader of a troop which was specialized with skills to guard Qian Sui god. This officer belongs to Zhong Jin residence. Before Qian Sui god patrolled the earth, the flag officer must check up the routes and local situations. When checking up the routes, the flag officer must hold a flag and ride a horse. One must be rich to be a flag officer and to be selected by Qian Sui god. It is a great blessing to be a flag officer. Back to Top

5. Zong-gan god
   During the ritual of sending disease gods away in Shih Gang, people can see different features between Zong-gan residence and Chang-guan residence. Zong-gan god is a pilot of King Ship and Chang-guan god is an officer of the factory which King Ship is built up. In Chang-guan god residence, there are many paper-made sailors placed on the King Ship. These paper-made sailors are to be burnt with the King Ship.

6. Entering temple
   The time of entering temple is another high time. After people who took Rao-jin (territorial circumventing ceremony) have dinner, it is high time to report earth conditions to Qian Sui god. All the stations came forward to perform a short show in front of the temple. All the gods on shrines must perform a ritual of salute, called “Shan-jin-shan-tui”. Gi Tong (psychic) are standby and to be possessed.  Back to Top

7. Beseech water
   This is a ceremony of entreating water from the nature. This ceremony can be held every other years or every year. It can also be held occasionally based on environmental conditions. Taoist priests ask permissions from god and wait for the right time. When the time is up, the priests or Gi Tong lead a group of people to get into a river or an ocean and escort the water with umbrellas to the shore. The water is placed in a shrine and people continuously perform music until they arrived at the temple.

8. Jian-quao
   Jian-quao is a ritual which only exists in Zseng Wen river. In King Ship ceremony, all the King Ships are set up with carp flags. Sing An temple has been believed to be a carp cave where carp gods shed special protection on. When in ceremonies, people from different area hold their carp flags that they borrowed previously came back to the temple. Back to Top

9. Dai-yu-jia (Wearing fish cang)
   Yu-jia is a fish cang that is a lock in shape of a fish. It is used for redemption. Criminals dress up in black and tie a black strip on forehead and locked with Yu-jia. During holy pilgrimage, there are also people who play this criminal roles. Every morning, before the territorial circumventing ceremony, criminals (man play) must wear fish cangs and kneel down right before the god statue. They must keep that positron until the troops finish the territorial circumventing ceremony.

10. Go underneath the shrine
   Some people believe that going underneath the shrines during holy pilgrimage can wash out evil and bad luck. One can go in person or he/she can has someone hold his/her clothes to go underneath shrines. It is believed that clothes can be a representative of a man. If a man can’t come in person, he can use his cloth as a representative. Back to Top

11. Sao-xiang-lu (clean roads for holy incenses)
   People who clean up roads are mostly elder women. There are also some men and children. They hold new brooms and walk in front of the shrines to clean the road. These new brooms are tagged with a piece of red paper to show the specialty.

12. Kai-guan and Tan-guan (the opening and the practice)
   The head of the station is usually a local group. This group is generated to have more people involved in this activity. Due to massive population relocation, a lot of young people have relocated outside the village and very few people stay.

   Sometime, only limited population can participate in this ceremony. After a month of training, the station can be performed successfully. Elders, then, choose a fine time in a fine day to start this station and this is called Kai-guan (the opening). This is a report to gods that this station is officially registered. Tan-guan (the practice) is a random practice to check if the station has been practicing as planned. If any problems occur during practices, workers will have to figure out the solutions immediately. Back to Top



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